The World Before Cuba: The Road to Rebellion

by:  Charles Haugland at 04/07/2014

Becoming Cuba is set late in the year 1897, just months prior to the explosion of the USS Maineand the start of the Spanish-American War. Here is a look back at the major historical figures of the years immediately prior. For a broader exploration of the era, see the Timeline of the Cuban Revolution.

In February 1895, Cuban rebels again challenged the colonial rule of the Spanish empire. The Cuban people were exhausted by decades of heavy taxation following a string of prior conflicts, both in Cuba and in other colonies around the globe (Cubans were taxed at twice the rate of Spaniards living on the peninsula). Unlike prior conflicts in Cuba that were organized by aristocratic landowners, this war was fought by a unified swath of the Cuban people, changing the tactics on both sides.

General Maximo Gomez, an aging Dominican farmer who had spent decades fighting for Cuba’s freedom, commanded the rebel forces. Gomez believed there would be a tactical advantage to crippling the economy of the island and directed his men to torch fields, kill livestock, and destroy mills, hoping the Spanish would lose interest in the island after their investments were destroyed.


Jose Martí

Just months after fighting begins, Cuban intellectual, poet, and Jose Martí is killed on the battlefield, making him a significant martyr to the cause and a rallying cry for the Cuban people.

Close to Gomez in power, Major General Antonio Maceo — one of few black officers in the Cuban army — fought directly with Gomez at the legendary battle of Mal Tiempo in December 1895 where the Cuban troops, armed primarily with machetes, massacred the Spanish army.

In 1896, the Spanish, eager to squash the rebellion quickly, sent in a new Captain General Valeriano Weyler. Weyler, a veteran of the Ten Years War and conflicts in both Spain and the Philippines, was known for his brutal and gruesome tactics and intended to control the Cuban people with fear. Weyler quickly understood that the Spanish forces, though better equipped, were not large enough in number to police the entire countryside, so he instituted a policy of reconcentración whereby villagers were forced into poorly supplied forts where starvation and disease cost, by the most conservative estimates, over 100,000 Cuban lives.

Insurgents holding up a train loaded with Spanish soldiers and ammunition 30 miles south of Havana.
Drawn by T. de Thulstrup for Harper’s Bazaar from sketches by a lieutenant in Maceo’s army.

Gomez led the forces on the western half of the island, closer to Havana, while Maceo led the forces in the east. Weyler became convinced that killing Maceo would crush the rebellion, and so he focused his troops more heavily on tracking Maceo’s movements, ultimately killing him late in the year. Though Weyler asserted he would end the war in a matter of months, his claim to have “almost” pacified the country set off a long stretch of guerrilla warfare that lasted through the following year. The international press, reporting of atrocities on both sides, amplified attention on the conflict and added pressure to end the war.

Throughout the conflict, Americans were involved both directly and indirectly in the Cuban cause. Yankee businessmen were eager to resume the strong trade relationship that existed before the war. But more potent were the cries of the Cuban people that they were like America had been 100 years before: exploited, oppressed, and desperate for freedom.

  • Tags:

Comments

  1. Using thorough bogus, skilled resources along with classy style, your hublot replica sale endows which you restored impression! A new omega replica sale will not create any individual imagine a low priced backup as being a fake omega acquired in your keep is often a identical copy in the legitimate product or service staying entirely in step with your second item. Even now a new fake omega isn't really too expensive so that you can find the money for purchasing one in your case the other for ones close friend! If you need to don a new Cartier Lanieres in Wednesday, a new Cartier Tortue in Wed and also a Cartier Ronde louis cartier in weekends, a new rolex replica will be your most suitable option.
  2. moncler jacket sale louis vuitton hand bag purple michael kors watch barbour bedale jacket women gucci outlet stores online kate spade outlet shop moncler spring jacket kate spade outlet in livermore nike online outlet store kate spade pocketbooks chanel egoiste louis vuitton purses prices christian louboutin cork pumps moncler vests chanel sunglasses price chanel swimwear diaper bag kate spade new balance outlet gilroy christian louboutin lucifer nike dunk tweed gucci new kate spade diaper bag sale joe s new balance outlet michael kors handbags outlet cheap online prada outlet new simple pump christian louboutin cleaning barbour jackets gucci suits moncler jackets christian louboutin leopard boots find louis vuitton outlet nike free 30 price of louis vuitton louis vuitton online outlet reviews kate spade stroller cheap gucci handbags outlet pre owned louis vuitton bags chanel online outlet louis vuitton kids shoes baby gucci shoes louis vuitton hats michael kors heels kate spade envelope clutch moncler brand kate spade david spade kate spade stevie handbag barbour jacket lining louis vuitton outlet inc new balance 926 mens louis vuitton perfume gucci purses sale barbour style jacket navy barbour jacket kate spade phone cases louis vuitton outlet reviews michael kors online outlet handbags cc chanel earrings new balance 374 michael kors 2013 outlet louis vuitton damier speedy 30 gucci snow boots handbags by michael kors louis vuitton consignment christian louboutin handbags on sale louis vuitton clothing new balance shoe outlets christian louboutin world damier louis vuitton cheap barbour jackets ladies nba jerseys shop chanel handbags online nba shop jerseys nba basketball jerseys nike outlet charleston sc kate spade online coupon retro nba jerseys louis vuitton damier graphite new balance running apparel new balance 608 gucci shoes for cheap gucci luggage new balance shoe coupons christian louboutin outlet online nike air jordan iii chanel handbags for sale gucci men shoes new balance 921 gucci uk sale louis vuitton 2013 handbags prada bags outlet sale chanel makeup gucci mens gucci designer new balance 410 new balance 574 michael kors michael kors outlet pharrell moncler chanel logo necklace kate spade where to buy christian louboutin mall authentic nba jerseys for sale gucci store.com bag gucci moncler women jacket michael kors braided grommet chanel jumbo gucci scarves michael kors double wrap watch cheap chanel outlet store online christian louboutin satin nba womens jerseys moncler store london michael kors watch for women michael kors accessories outlet chanel nail polish kate spade karolina pump nike air max tailwind 4 gucci factory store moncler australia purple christian louboutin spiked christian louboutin pumps nike zoom tre michael kors factory outlet reviews moncler uk coupons for new balance kate spade sale outlet nike free runners christian louboutin sales 95 air max shop michael kors outlet online louis vuitton dons heidi klum for new balance christian louboutin los angeles new balance athletic shoes kate spade a new balance 2001 louis vuitton miami new balance sales kate spade picture frame kate spade rings moncler pink jacket gucci vintage best new balance running shoe zapatillas new balance the gucci store new balance 933 kate spade tech accessories louis vuitton purses cheap authentic chanel belts is there a louis vuitton outlet store michael kors carla sandal chanel bags factory outlet gucci authentic handbags air max tn nike outlet factory christian louboutin men s nike outlet location nike air max sensation michael kors perfume christian louboutin patent barbour kids christian louboutin leopard print pumps chanel sunglases chanel outlet sale michael kors watches for sale mens louis vuitton belts christian louboutin over the knee boots new balance women s shoes christian louboutin shoes for men new balance 996 new balance 670 red devil barbour military jacket christian louboutin beige nba jerseys brisbane louis vuitton resale michael kors gold watch chanel bags price list nike dunk high pro sb louis vuitton authentic bags louis vuitton high heels kate spade rainboots chanel beauty louis vuitton blog christian louboutin wholesale shoes louis vuitton louis vuitton online store moncler men shoes louis vuitton belts mens louis vuitton dog collars baby moncler jackets discount louis vuitton purses nba jerseys for dogs nba jerseys cheap authentic cheap nba jerseys for kids womens moncler vest discounted gucci handbags christian louboutin open toe pumps chanel bracelets christian louboutin barbie christian louboutin booties sale christian louboutin 70mm pumps related links: [yanjing0128]

Post a Comment

       
User verification Image for user verification  

About me

Lisa Timmel,  Bevin O'Gara, and Charles Haugland share their thoughts on New Plays, Dramatury, and their experience sharing nightly conversations with the audiences that come to see our shows. Get the inside scoop of new scripts and play development!

 
 

RSS Feed

Subscribe to RSS Feed

Archive

Tag cloud


Avenue of the Arts / BU Theatre: 264 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA 02115
South End / Calderwood Pavilion at the BCA: 527 Tremont Street, Boston MA 02116
Main: 264 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA 02115 | 617 266 7900 | BOX OFFICE 617 266 0800

© 2013 Huntington Theatre Company. All rights reserved | Trouble viewing this site? Please download Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome.