The Revolutionary Case of The Seagull

by:  Sebastián Bravo Montenegro at 02/26/2014

When the first production of The Seagull premiered at the Alexandrinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg in 1896, it was an unqualified disaster. So much so that Chekhov wrote to his publisher telling him: "Stop the printing of the plays. I shall never forget yesterday evening. I am not going to produce the play in Moscow. I shall never either write plays or have them acted."

The performance was part of a benefit for Elizaveta Levkeeva who, Chekhov translator Laurence Senelick writes, "was a comedienne who specialized in outspoken old maids and dowagers." The audience, Senelick continues, composed mainly of "rowdy workers, about ten literary figures, and a dozen Chekhov fans," was expecting a farce. When they did not get one, they booed and laughed through every moment of the night.

The Seagull closed after just five performances, but its absence was short-lived. Just two years later, it enjoyed a second premiere at the Moscow Art Theatre, where, under the leadership of founders Konstantin Stanislavsky and Vladimir Nemirovich- Dachenko, the play became an enormous success and cemented Chekhov as one of the eminent Russian playwrights of his time. How did a play that, according to Senelick, "garnered no applause at the end" become one of the most important literary works of the 20th century?

Russian theatre was undergoing a reform at the time. In 1882, the monopoly on theatre held by the Russian government had ended, and citizens were now allowed to create private theatres, but change was slow. Chekhov resented that the audience had come to expect a conventional repertory which, according to Stanislavsky’s biographer Jean Benedetti, was, "nothing except melodramas, musical comedies, and farces, adapted or imitated from the French stage." Chekhov wanted to steer the theatrical style away from shallow and over-emphatic acting but couldn’t at the traditional government-operated Alexandrinsky Theatre. Due to the complexity of its characters and the fact that it was a new play, The Seagull required thorough exploration from its performers, but Benedetti states that the first production only had "eight rehearsals held on stage, the first two took place without most of the leads," and "no one was cast as Nina until the 3rd rehearsal."

Two years later, at the privately-owned Moscow Art Theatre, the "rehearsal period would be spread across 24 sessions and last for 80 hours in total," a figure never before seen in the Russian theatre according to Benedetti. Like Chekhov, Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko strived to make theatre that "rebelled against the old way of acting, against affectation and false pathos, against declamation and bohemian exaggeration, against bad conventionality of production and sets, against the star system which ruined the ensemble, and against the whole spirit of performance and the insignificance of the repertory."

Both directors worked hard in giving new dignity to the art. They created sober and elegant surroundings, refused to admit patrons after the curtain was raised, and created a feeling of ensemble among the actors by instructing them to bow only after the last act. This unique atmosphere benefited Chekhov’s play. While The Seagull’s first audience — familiar with Chekhov’s farces — expected an over- the-top presentation, the second was attending, not to eat and cheer loudly, but instead to appreciate art.

The Seagull went on to become a box office success and part of the national repertoire even through Soviet Russia, but the play remains as perplexing and elusive to artists and audiences as it did to Stanislavsky and Nemirovich- Danchenko in 1898. Is it a tragedy or a comedy? Does the play lean towards a symbolic, naturalistic, or widely experimental style? Or is it, like its characters, contradictory in nature? These are the questions that persist today because The Seagull calls to be not only performed but interpreted. Russian literary historian Marc Slonim expresses that The Seagullcontinue to attract actors, directors, and audiences because, "Chekhov spoke of those who do not succeed in the battle for survival and do not belong to the minority of victors and conquerors — and he knew how to make the hearts of his audience vibrate with the pain of self-identification and the comfort of kindliness and pity."

Comments

  1. i would get the:1) 70's cornflower blue emorridebed collar blouse (so beautiful!)2) 50's palest sheer blue pintuck blouse with diamond appliqueand 3) 50's pearly gray petite handbagall very summery, but i'd get to wear them because winter in South Africa is turning out to be a bit of a joke!thanks for sharing..what an amazing shop.
  2. the vintage 60's linen sclolap embroidered collar dress. after being in frumpy, dark maternity clothes the last while, this cheery dress with a light cardigan would lift me up and give my new girlie something fun to see her momma in! http://lptxecmou.com [url=http://meeoya.com]meeoya[/url] [link=http://elcrawnpj.com]elcrawnpj[/link]
  3. if you know me, then you know that i can't ever pass up anything white or cteehcrod, so when i saw the vintage 1910's edwardian cotton cteehcrod yoke work dress, i knew it should have no one else' but my name on it. period.
  4. When looking at the data, Premier League maglie calcio soccer researchers looked at the relationship between the sex of sender and participants, and expressions sent and received. The most basic procedure is the pivot tables function, tanners which provides easy to understand summaries of desired outlet maglie calcio fields, tanners complete with averages and totals. To produce a pivot table, simply choose the Pivot Table Report function under the Data menu.
  5. michael kors outlet

    louis vuitton outlet

    coach outlet

    oakley sunglasses outlet

    louis vuitton handbags

    coach factory outlet

    ray ban sunglasses

    coach outlet store online

    coach factory

    michael kors outlet online

    coach outlet

    prada outlet

    cheap ray ban sunglasses

    air jordan

    true religion jeans

    coach outlet

    coach factory outlet

    louis vuitton outlet

    coach factory outlet

    oakley sunglasses

    tory burch outlet

    michael kors

    coach factory outlet

    prada handbags

    coach outlet

    louis vuitton handbags

    cheap oakley sunglasses

    cheap jordan

    true religion jeans outlet

    louis vuitton

    coach outlet store online

    coach factory

    coach store online

    coach factory online

    michael kors outlet

    coachfactory.com

    coach factory outlet

    prada handbags

    abercrombie & fitch

    michael kors outlet

    coach outlet store online

    coach outlet

    ray-ban sunglasses

    abercrombie and fitch

    valentino

    valentino shoes

    louis vuitton outlet

    coach outlet online

    coach factory outlet online

    isabel marant Shoes

    coach outlet store online

    timberland boots

    tiffany and co jewelry

    coach outlet

    oakley sunglasses

    coach outlet online

    coachfactory.com

    true religion outlet

    coach outlet

    coach outlet store online

    coach factory

    coach factory outlet

    timberland shoes

    true religion outlet

    coach outlet store online

    coach outlet

    coach factory

    coach factory outlet

    true religion

    coach outlet store online

    true religion jeans

    coach factory

    abercrombie & fitch

    tory burch shoes

    louis vuitton

    coach factory outlet

    michael kors outlet

    coach factory outlet

    polo ralph lauren

    coach outlet store online

    tiffany and co

    coach factory outlet

    tory burch

    coach outlet online

    michael kors outlet online

    coach outlet online

    coach factory outlet online

    celine outlet

    cheap toms

    coach outlet

    celine handbags

    marc jacobs outlet

    michael kors purses

    coach outlet

    ray-ban sunglasses

    ralph lauren

    coach factory outlet

    toms shoes

    coach outlet online

    supra shoes

    coach outlet

    fitflop outlet

    tiffany jewelry

    tory burch outlet online

    tiffany and co

    abercrombie and fitch

    coach factory

    michael kors outlet online

    coach outlet

    michael kors outlet store

    marc jacobs

    cheap oakley sunglasses

    celine bags

    coach factory outlet

    coach handbags

    timberland boots

    michael kors factory outlet

    fitflops

    coach factory outlet

    coach factory outlet

    toms shoes

    louis vuitton handbags

    oakley sunglasses cheap

    coach handbags outlet

  6. de la banque,sac michael kors sac michael kors sac michael kors pas cher sac michael kors sac michael kors sac michael kors pas cher sac michael kors sac michael kors sac michael kors sac michael kors bottes ugg ugg pas cher bottes ugg pas cher ugg pas cher bottes ugg ugg pas cher bottes ugg pas cher ugg pas cher Lunette Ray Ban Lunette de Soleil Ray Ban Lunette Ray Ban Lunette de Soleil Ray Ban Chaussures Timberland Timberland Chaussures Homme Abercrombie and Fitch Abercrombie & Fitch Abercrombie Paris sac longchamp longchamp pas cher sac prada sac prada pas cher Sac Hermes Hermes pas cher Mbt Mbt Chaussures Clarisonic Mia mbt soldes Chaussure MBT Soldes le commerce, le commerce extérieur, les prix et d'autres ministères. Li Sien-nien après sa prise de fonction, adhérer à étudier sérieusement la théorie économique du marxisme- léninisme et la pensée Mao Zedong et le centre économique des documents pertinents, les instructions, la mise en œuvre inébranlablement la "sécurité de l'approvisionnement de développement économique," le principe général proposé par Mao Zedong
  7. Walking on the way home, Nike Air Jordan, suddenly a scenery touched, Ralph Outlet, stopped to savor, MCM Outlet Online, to put a camera gesture, Polo Outlet Online, to leave a shallow spring, Gucci Shoes UK, of negatives here, Michael Kors Outlet, deep in her heart extended spring scenery, Marc Jacobs Bags Outlet, etc, returned home, Canada Goose Jackets, using bamboo memo box, Ralph Lauren Outlet, to do with pen, Michael Kors USA, and ink painting, North Jackets Outlet Online, the intention to write, a sweet words, Beats By Dre, do a recall album, wait until old age, Hermes Bags Outlet, come to appreciate slowly, North Clearace Outlet Online, walked with light, Burberry Bags Outlet, footsteps walked on, the King, Monster Headphones Outlet, or the original scene, Longchamp Pairs, people are still Ralph Lauren Outlet Online the original person, Prada Outlet Online, just change a mood, Michael Kors Outlet Online, all plain people, Cheap Oakley Sunglaases, things, Coach Factory Shop, and it was better together. Handbags Outlet, http://www.superbagsmarket.com/
    Louis Vuitton Outlet
    Hermes Bags Outlet
    Prada Outlet Online
    Chanel Outlet
    Gucci Outlet
    Burberry Outlet Online
    Celine Outlet Online
    Balenciaga Outlet Online
    Christian Bior Outlet
    Chloe Outlet
    Bvlgari Outlet
    Bally Outlet Online
    coach Outlet Online
    Michael Kors Outlet
    MCM Backpack Outlet
    Fendi Outlet
    Mulberry Outlet Online
    Marc Jacobs Outlet Online
    Miu Miu Outlet
    Ysl Outlet
    Tory Burch Outlet
    Givenchy Outlet
    Ferragamo Outlet
    Lancel Outlet
    Loewe Bags Outlet
    Tods Outlet
    Paul Smith Outlet
    D&G Bags Outlet
    Alexander Wang Outlet
    Bottega Veneta Outlet
  8. Von Miller Jersey

    DeMarcus Ware Broncos Jersey

    Peyton Manning Jersey

    Peyton Manning Women's Jersey

    Peyton Manning Youth Jersey

    Demaryius Thomas Jersey

    Wes Welker Jersey

    John Elway Jersey

    Steve Atwater Jersey

    Bradley Roby Jersey

    Aqib Talib Jersey

    Broncos Jerseys

    Broncos Store

  9. Coach Outlet Online

    It is a far more crowded agenda than Mr. Obama anticipated last spring

    Coach Outlet

    when the summit meeting was to be focused on winding down NATO

    Coach Factory Outlet

    s combat mission in Afghanistan. By 2015, it is scheduled

    Coach Outlet Online

    to become a training and assistance force of 8,000 to 12

    Coach Factory Outlet

    000 troops, two-thirds of them American.HOUSTON

    Coach Outlet Store Online

    Minority groups and Democrats in Texas have loudly opposed

    Coach Outlet Store Online

    a state law requiring voters to show government-issued photo

    Coach Factory Outlet

    identification before casting their ballots. But one of

    Coach Outlet

    the law’s biggest critics can be found not in Texas

    Coach Handbags Outlet

    On Tuesday, in a federal courtroom in Corpus Christi

    Coach Outlet

    but in Washington — Eric H. Holder Jr., the United States attorney general.

    Coach Outlet

    Tex., Justice Department lawyers will try to persuade

    Chanel Handbags

    a judge to strike down the voter ID law, the latest

    Louis Vuitton

    skirmish in a three-year legal battle over whether

    Louis Vuitton Outlet

    the law passed by the Republican-led Legislature in 2011

    Gucci Belts

    discriminates against blacks and Hispanics. If Texas

    Gucci Belt

    loses the trial — which opens Tuesday and will last

    Coach Outlet Online

    about two weeks — it could again be required to seek federal

    Coach Outlet

    approval before making changes to its voting procedures

    Coach Factory Outlet

    a level of oversight it was freed from by the United States Supreme Court.

    Coach Factory Outlet

    The case has taken on a bitter political undertone

    Coach Outlet Store

    with Texas alleging that the Justice Department has gone

    Coach Outlet Store Online

    after “only Southern, Republican-led states

    Coach Outlet

    and suggesting that the agency ignores the concerns

    Coach Factory Online

    of white Republican voters and favors minority Democratic

    Coach Factory Outlet

    voters. The allegations have outraged lawyers

    Coach Factory Outlet

    for the Justice Department and several minority groups, voters

    Coach Outlet

    and Democratic lawmakers who are part of the agency

    Coach Outlet Store Online

    s lawsuit against Texas.“It’s more of a political argument

    Chanel Outlet Online

    than it is a legal argument,” said J. Gerald Hebert

    Louis Vuitton Outlet

    one of the lawyers for several plaintiffs suing the state

    Louis Vuitton Handbags

    including Representative Marc Veasey, Democrat of Texas.

    Gucci Belt

    Texas wants to argue about everything except the facts of this case.

    Gucci Belts

    Texas and eight other mostly Southern states with a history of discrimination

    Louis Vuitton Outlet Online

    had been required under the Voting Rights Act to receive clearance from

    Oakley Sunglasses Outlet

    either the Justice Department or a federal court in Washington before

    Louis Vuitton Outlet Online

    they made changes to their voting regulations. Texas sought

    Oakley Sunglasses Outlet

    so-called preclearance of the voter identification law

    Cheap Oakley Sunglasses

    rom the federal court in 2012. The court sided against

    Oakley Sunglasses

    f Texas and blocked the law because it disproportionately affected the poor and minorities.
  10. kate spade purses

    coach factory online

    hollister kids

    tory burch shoes

    marc by marc jacobs

    hermes birkin

    prada handbags

    oakley sunglasses

    cheap oakleys

    fitflops clearance

    toms wedges

    louis vuitton bags

    louis vuitton handbags

    gucci outlet

    burberry outlet

    christian louboutin sale

    christian louboutin sneakers

    chi hair straightener

    michael kors backpack

    toms outlet

    louis vuitton purses

    hollister co

    ray ban outlet

    toms shoes

    jordan 13

    polo ralph lauren

    michael kors outlet online

    louis vuitton

    coach outlet

    louis vuitton handbags

    ray ban sunglasses wholesale

    michael kors handbasg

    coach outlet store online

    marc jacobs outlet

    used louis vuitton

    mont blanc pens

    louis vuitton handbags

    bottega veneta outlet online

    cheap jerseys from china

    oakley sunglasses wholesale

    louis vuitton officail website

    cheap jerseys

    coach factory outlet online

    oakley sunglasses

    coach factory outlet

    oakley glasses

    cheap jordans

    louis vuitton outlet store

    tory burch flats

    jordan retro

    toms sale

    louis vuitton uk

    crossfit workouts

    air jordan shoes

    louis vuitton

    christian louboutin outlet

    true religion jeans outlet

    louis vuitton

    p90x workout schedule

    kate spade factory outlet

    gucci bags

    louis vuitton outlet store

    polo outlet

    fitflop sandals outlet

    louis vuitton shoes

    coach factory

    celine luggage tote

    fitflops online

    michael kors purses

    louis vuitton outlet

    louis vuitton handbags

    louis vuitton outlet

    michael kors outlet

    juicy couture

    ray ban sunglasses

    red bottoms

    christian louboutin shoes

    jordan sneakers

    abercrombie and kent

    celine bag price

    oakley outlet

    nfl jerseys

    hair straightener

    michaelkors outlet store

    christian louboutin outlet

    bottega veneta outlet

    jordan shoes

    coach factory outlet

    trye religion outlet

    fendi handbags

    chi flat iron

    tory burch outlet online

    workout plans

    louis vuitton purses

    joe abercrombie

    fitflop shoes

    hermes outlet

    hermes bracelet

    mont blanc mountain

    bottega veneta handbags

    coach outlet

    mont blanc legend

    red shoes

    burberry scarf

    fendi bags

    gucci handbags

    prada shoes

    louis vuitton handbags

    mont blanc pen

    gucci shoes

    hollister clothing

    coach factory

    fitflop outlet

    ralph lauren outlet

    football jersey

    ray ban wayfarer

    cheap nfl jerseys

    kate spade outlet store

    ray ban glasses

    cheap louis vuitton

    toms shoes outlet

    prda outlet

    christian louboutin

    coach factory online

    ralph lauren home

    louis vuitton bags

    louis vuitton outlet

    louis vuitton outlet stores

    michael kors outlet online

    kate spade outlet

    michael kors outlet online

    trye religion outlet

    fendi purses

    designer handbags

    true religion sale

    cheap jordans

    louis vuitton outlet

    nfl jerseys

    chanel handbags

    bottega veneta

    ray ban aviators

    workout routines

    tory burch outlet

    louboutin shoes

    coach factory outlet

    fitflops clearance

    fitflop footwear

    michael kors outlet

    coach factory online

    michael kors bags

    tory burch outlet online

    tory burch handbags

    coach factory outlet

    true religion

    toms promo code

    cheap toms

    michael kors outlet stores

    toms shoes

    michael kors outlet stores

    fitflop outlet

    celine outlet

    cheap ray ban sunglasses

    louis vuitton outlet stores

    cheap jordan for sale

    louis vuitton handbags

    louis vuitton backpack

    red bottom shoes

    ray ban outlet

    hermes delivery

    jordan 11

    true religion outlet

    true religion jeans

    bottega veneta bags

    kate spade

    juicy couture outlet

    michael kors outlet

    cheap nfljerseys

    hair dryer

    kate spade handbags

    celine paris

    ray ban sunglasses outlet

    louis vuitton

    insanity workout

    louis vuitton speedy

    ray ban sunglasses

    michael kors outlet online

    michael kors handbags

    fendi outlet

    marc jacobs handbags

    louis vuitton handbags

    michael kors factory outlet

    fitflop outlet

    jordan shoes

    true religion jeans

    hermes belt

    true religion jeans

    chanel online shop

    nfl football jerseys

    louis vuitton sunglasses

    louis vuitton purses

    louis vuitton purses

    kate spade outlet

    fendi

    ray ban sunglasses

    ab workouts

    cheap ray bans

    michael kors outlet

    true religion jeans men

    true religion jeans

    trye religion outlet store

    louis vuitton outlet

    cheap jerseys

    red heels

    mont blanc fountain pens

    louis vuitton purses

    michael kors handbags

    mont blanc legend

    jordan shoes

    burberry bags

    coach outlet store online

    louis vuitton speedy

    jordan retro

    michael kors handbags

    louis vuitton outlet

    coach factory outlet online

    oakley suglasses cheap

    juicy couture perfume

    louis vuitton

    true religion outlet

    mont blanc pen

    louis vuitton wallet

    coach factory

    celine handbags

    cheap jordans

    coach outlet stores

    gucci outlet store

    fitflop sandals

    toms outlet

    louis vuitton outlet

    ray ban outlet stores

    ray bans

    true religion

    michael kors handbags

    tory burch flats

    michael kors outlet store

    official coach factory outlet

    chanel outlet

    louis vuitton outlet

    louis vuitton usa

    official coach factory outlet online

    abercrombie

    mont blanc pens

    louis vuitton bags

    mont blanc fountain pen

    fitflop shoes

    true religion jeans outlet

    viva la juicy

    ray bans

    coach factory outlet

    ralph lauren

    louis vuitton outlet

    oakley outlet

    louis vuitton wallet

    jordans for sale

    christian louboutin

    michael kors outlet

    chi straightener

    cheap true religion jeans

    chanel bags

    true religion jeans outlet

    jordan for women

    coach outlet store online

    toms shoes sale

    abercrombie and fitch

    coach factory online

    abercrombie fitch

    burberry handbags

    hollister promo code

    tory burch outlet

    prada bags

    kate spade handbags

    fitflop footwear

    nfl jerseys wholesale

    coach outlet

    coach factory online

    coach outlet

    fitflops

    louisvuitton

    true religion outlet store

    hollister outlet

    louboutin

    christian louboutin shoes

    marc jacobs

    www.louisvuitton.com

    kate spade

    coach outlet

    cheap oakley sunglasses

    coach factory outlet

    coach outlet

    kate spade outlet online

    fitflop sale

    louis vuitton belt

    oakley sunglasses wholesale

    coach outlet store online

    louis vuitton bags

    louis vuitton belts

    louis vuitton purses

    tory burch shoes

    louis vuitton neverfull

Post a Comment

       
User verification Image for user verification  

About me

Lisa Timmel,  Bevin O'Gara, and Charles Haugland share their thoughts on New Plays, Dramatury, and their experience sharing nightly conversations with the audiences that come to see our shows. Get the inside scoop of new scripts and play development!

 
 

RSS Feed

Subscribe to RSS Feed

Archive

Tag cloud


Avenue of the Arts / BU Theatre: 264 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA 02115
South End / Calderwood Pavilion at the BCA: 527 Tremont Street, Boston MA 02116
Main: 264 Huntington Avenue, Boston MA 02115 | 617 266 7900 | BOX OFFICE 617 266 0800

© 2013 Huntington Theatre Company. All rights reserved | Trouble viewing this site? Please download Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome.